Saturday, August 10, 2013

The Always Up-to-Date Guide to Building a Hackintosh [OS X 10.8.4]

The Always Up-to-Date Guide to Building a Hackintosh [OS X 10.8.4]

Building a hackintosh—that is, installing Mac OS X on non-Apple hardware—used to require extremely restricted hardware choices and quite a bit of know-how. Now your options are vast and the installation process is fairly simple. With that in mind, here is our always up-to-date guide to building a hackintosh that will walk you through purchasing compatible parts, building your machine, and installing OS X all on your own.

Currently Up-to-Date Version: Mac OS X 10.8.4 (UniBeast Method)
This guide is all about installing Mountain Lion on your hackintosh. If you're looking to install regular old Lion, check out our archived guide instead. Also, we recently updated our sample build to offer hardware that is Mountain Lion-specific. While it may work with Lion, we're not sure. Plan accordingly.

Wait, wait! Before you jump right in, know that 10.8.2 brought some hackintosh-related issues that are likely still present in 10.8.4. Although updating your hackintosh is generally pretty straightforward, and if you're updating from 10.8.2 to 10.8.4 you shouldn't have any issues, 10.8.2 caused more issues than the average update. If you're starting from scratch, 10.8.4 will likely cause those issues as well. If you're building for the first time, or updating from 10.8.1 or earlier, be sure to read the update section carefully so you don't mess up your computer. And, as always, back up first!

A hackintosh is simply any non-Apple hardware that has been made—or "hacked"—to run Mac OS X. This could apply to any hardware, whether it's a manufacturer-made or personally-built computer. For the purposes of this guide, we're only discussing a tried-and-true method for building a hackintosh that you build.

That means you'll need to be comfortable with the idea of building your own machine
and providing your own technical support when you run into problems. While this can be a little bit of a scary prospect if you're new to building a hackintosh, it comes with the advantage of saving you a lot of money while still providing you with an incredibly powerful, fully customizable machine. We'll also point you to several resources we've put together to help you learn everything you need to know about building a computer so you can feel confident on your first time through the entire computer building process. While it's important to know that building a hackintosh from scratch is not a project for beginners, it is something that anyone can learn to do. We think it's a wonderful alternative to purchasing an official Apple product and a rewarding challenge. Now that you know what to expect, let's get to work.

It may seem strange to have an always up-to-date guide to building a hackintosh because the process changes based on the hardware choices you make. Although this is true, it doesn't change that much. We'll be discussing the process of building a hackintosh on a broad level, as it applies to most hardware. As a result, this guide will not always be able to tell you the exact boxes to tick and choices to make, but it will teach you how to figure that out for yourself. We'll hold your hand as tightly as possible through as much of the process as we can, but there will be some decisions you'll have to make on your own. It can be a little scary sometimes, but that's part of the fun.

In summary, this always up-to-date guide will explain how to pick the right hardware for a great hackintosh and walk you through the standard OS X installation process, but it will also require you to be diligent and informed in regards to the variables in your specific build.

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The Always Up-to-Date Guide to Building a Hackintosh [OS X 10.8.4]

Picking out hardware and building a computer is often the most daunting part of this process. If you've never done it before, it can often feel like putting together puzzle where many of the pieces seem interchangeable but truly are not. That said, we have plenty of resources to help you demystify the purchasing and building process so you're feeling confident.

First, let's talk about choosing hardware and what makes certain options better than others.

The Always Up-to-Date Guide to Building a Hackintosh [OS X 10.8.4]

When Apple builds their official Macs, their parts are not that different from the parts we can buy online when we build our own PCs. In fact, some are often the same. Additionally, third-party manufacturers will create hardware for Apple's Mac Pro computers to add additional options to the mix. This means that Apple, or the third parties, need to create software drivers for Mac OS X in order for the hardware to work. This means that virtually any hardware with these drivers is going to be hardware you can use in your hackintosh build. Additionally, the talented people on the internet have developed their own open source drivers for non-Mac hardware in order to provide additional options for your hackintosh. While all of these efforts only span a small percentage of the available hardware on the market, it still provides you with a lot of great choices. Many motherboards, graphics cards, and processors are compatible thanks to these combined efforts.

The Always Up-to-Date Guide to Building a Hackintosh [OS X 10.8.4]

The next question is, how do you know what is and isn't compatible? Like we've already discussed, if Apple has used the part before, that's generally a good sign that you can use it, too. That said, you always want to double-check when you're putting your hardware list together. To help you out, we've created a hackintosh hardware buyer's guide so you can figure out what will and will not work. Follow that guide when choosing your hardware and you should be good to go. You can also reference our Hack Pro and Hack Mini builds, or just use the sample build provided at the end of this section.

The Always Up-to-Date Guide to Building a Hackintosh [OS X 10.8.4]

Once you have your hardware you're going to need to assemble it into a working computer. We have an entire night school course on computer building, but this specific lesson will walk you through how to build your first computer. Follow it diligently, read your motherboard and case manuals closely, and you should have a functional machine in no time.

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With the resources we've discussed, you should be all set to build your hackintosh. Before we move on, however, let's take a look at a sample build (designed specifically for Mountain Lion) so you can get an idea of what a basic hardware shopping list looks like. This is an actual hackintosh we've built, based on hardware suggested by tonymacx86. It only costs a little over $600 (without all the extras), so it's a great option for beginners. Here's the list of parts (last updated on August 27th, 2012):

That sample build can get you hackintoshing on the cheap, but that's not the only way to do it. We've posted tons of other builds

You'll find lots of builds like this on tonymacx86's blog, so you can build those exact machines or use them as starting points to create your own build. However you want to go about it, be sure to read our a hackintosh hardware buyer's guide if you want help with selecting your parts.

By this point you should have purchased your parts, built your computer, and turned it on to make sure everything is functioning. If all systems are go, it's time to move on to the installation process.

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Installing Mac OS X on hackintosh hardware involves a bit more than just popping in a DVD, choosing a boot volume, and clicking a button. You'll have to do all of that, too, but there's a bit of prep work involved. Let's get started.

The Always Up-to-Date Guide to Building a Hackintosh [OS X 10.8.4]S

When you turn your machine on, it should display its BIOS welcome screen. This is generally an image with the name of your motherboard and indicators for a few keys you can press to edit your BIOS. Before we can install OS X, we first have to make a few changes to the BIOS (your motherboard's settings), so you're going to need to press the key that corresponds to the BIOS Settings when you power on your machine. This is almost always a function key (like F12) or the delete key, but reference your BIOS image to be sure. (Click the image to the left to see an example.) Press and hold down that magic BIOS settings key and wait for the BIOS settings to load.

The BIOS settings for every motherboard is going to be somewhat similar but never exactly the same. For that reason we can't tell you, command-by-command, where to go to find and make certain adjustments. That said, we can tell you what to look for. Here are the settings you will need to adjust (or at least verify) in your BIOS to make your hardware hackintosh-friendly:

Disable Quick Boot. You may have to look around for this, but we've often found this in a section titled Advanced BIOS Settings. Just look for a Quick Boot or Fast Boot option and ensure it is set to disabled.Configure SATA as AHCI. By default, your motherboard will configure SATA as IDE and you'll need to change this to AHCI. In some cases you'll be asked if you want to do this when you boot up for the first time. If so, choose yes. If not, go into your BIOS and look for this setting as you'll need to make the change for everything to work smoothly.Change the Boot Device Order. Your BIOS will default to a specific boot order, which means it'll look for a startup volume (where the operating system lives) in various places until it finds one. The boot order is the order in which it checks each location. In general, you want to set your optical drive to first boot device so you can easily boot to a disc by simply putting it in the drive and turning on your machine. The second item in the order should be the hard drive or SSD where you're going to install OS X. The order beyond that isn't terribly important and entirely up to you.Adjust the Hard Disk Boot Priority. Some BIOS settings pages will also have a setting called Hard Disk Boot Priority, which is used to identify which hard drive to try and boot from first if there are multiple drives in the machine. If you install more than one drive in your hackintosh, be sure to set the Hard Disk Boot Priority to the drive where OS X will be installed.Once you've made these changes, you'll need to save them. In most cases you'll only need to press the escape key a few times to get back to the main screen, and then F10 to save and exit. Your BIOS settings page will tell you which keys save, exit, and so on, so you should have no trouble figuring out the right keys to press.

The Always Up-to-Date Guide to Building a Hackintosh [OS X 10.8.4]

Now we're ready to actually install OS X, but this is going to be a fairly in-depth process that requires a number of tools. Before getting started, be sure you have the following:

A copy of Mac OS X Mountain Lion from the Mac App Store or on a thumb drive.An 8GB thumb drive (or larger).UniBeast, available from tonymacx86.MultiBeast, also available from tonymacx86. You want the version for Mountain Lion (as opposed to Snow Leopard).The DSDT file for your motherboard of choice. If you followed our hackintosh hardware guide in the previous section, you may already have a pre-edited DSDT file for your motherboard. If not, visit tonymacx86's DSDT database, choose your motherboard from the list—making sure you choose the version that matches your motherboard's firmware—and download it to your hard drive. (Note: You can generally discover the firmware version of your motherboard by looking at its BIOS boot image.)Once you have everything, you'll need to prepare your 8GB+ thumb drive to be bootable and capable of installing Mac OS X Mountain Lion. To do so, follow these steps:

Connect your USB drive to an existing Mac (ask a friend if you don't have one) and open Disk Utility (in your Macintosh HD -> Applications -> Utilities folder).Click on your thumb drive in Disk Utility and then click the Partition tab.Click on the drop-down menu that reads "Current" and choose "1 Partition."Click on the "Options..." button and select the partition scheme labeled "Master Boot Record." Click "OK" to accept your choice.Give the thumb drive the name USB (which you can change later).Set the drive's format to "Mac OS X Extended Journaled."Click the "Apply" button and then the "Partition" button.When Disk Utility has finished partitioning your disk, make sure the "Install Mac OS X Mountain Lion" application you purchased from the Mac App Store is in your Applications folder. If you purchased a Mountain Lion thumb drive, just make sure it's plugged in to your computer.Open UniBeast and click "Continue" three times, then agree. This should bring you to a drive selection screen. Choose the USB thumb drive you just partitioned and click "Continue."You'll now be presented with the option of Laptop support and Legacy USB support. If you're planning to install Mountain Lion on a motherboard with an 1156 chipset, you'll likely need the legacy USB support. It won't break anything if you don't need it, so if you're updating multiple Hackintoshes and not all require it, there's no reason to worry. If legacy USB support isn't working for you, just add your motherboard's patched DSDT file to the hidden /Extra folder on your installer drive and that should fix the problem. Phew! When you're ready, click "Continue" and enter your admin password.Wait about 15-45 minutes (it can vary) for UniBeast to do it's thing. DO NOT unplug the drive or stop the installation while it's in process.When UniBeast finishes, you'll have a hackintosh-bootable USB thumb drive. Plug it into your hackintosh, boot up, and press the key on your keyboard that will take you to the boot selection menu. (If you don't know what it is, just look on your BIOS boot screen. It is commonly ESC, F10, or F12.) If the thumb drive boots successfully you'll see a thumb drive with the tonymacx86 logo appear on your screen along with a single boot option: USB. Choose it and boot into the installer.

Note: In some cases you may need additional boot flags to get to the installer. If you have an unsupported graphics card, you'll need to add GraphicsEnabler=No. If you have an ATI Radeon 6670 installed you'll need to add PCIRootUID=0. You can just type these in at the boot option screen before you press enter to choose "USB" and boot into the installer.

The Always Up-to-Date Guide to Building a Hackintosh [OS X 10.8.4]

When the Mac OS X Mountain Lion Installer finishes booting, you'll be presented with a welcome screen and can choose your language. Do that, but before you can continue you'll need to format your disk. Go to the Utilities menu and choose Disk Utility. Select the disk you want to use for installation and format it. To format it properly, follow these steps:

Choose the disk in Disk Utility and click the Partition tab.Set the partitions to one (or however many you want) and their format to Mac OS Extended (Journaled).Click the options button and set the partition scheme to GUID Partition TableClick Apply and wait for the disk to finish formatting.With your destination disk ready to go, you can now run the Mountain Lion installer just like you would on any other Mac. When it completes you might be met with an "Installation Failed" message at the end (or not), but that's nothing to worry about. When the installation is complete just restart your machine. When you do, access your boot menu and choose the USB drive. You still need it to boot up. When you see the familiar boot options screen again you'll now be able to choose the drive you installed Mountain Lion on. Pick that and press enter, also entering any boot flags you used when booting into the installer previously.

Now that you've got Mountain Lion installed, it's time to make all your hardware work properly. For that, you need to install some drivers. Copy MultiBeast to your hackintosh's hard drive and open it up. Click through the install windows and get to the options page. What you choose is going to vary based on your build, but here's a look at all your choices and what they do, using our sample build as a guide:

The Always Up-to-Date Guide to Building a Hackintosh [OS X 10.8.4]S

EasyBeast Install - Just ignored this.UserDSDT Install (or No DSDT Install) - This is the option that applies your custom DSDT. You downloaded it earlier, so put a copy on your desktop and check this option so it will be applied. If your motherboard doesn't require a DSDT file, just check the box anyway and don't include a DSDT file.System Utilities - It's always a good idea to check System Utilities as it repairs permissions, runs maintenance scripts, and other helpful stuff like that. (Note: Newer versions of MultiBeast don't offer this option, so don't worry about it if you don't see it.)Drivers & Bootloaders - This is the section where you'll be making most of your decisions. You'll have your pick from an array of hardware drivers that will allow everything from audio to Ethernet to function on your hackintosh. All you really need to do is go through this list and select the relevant hardware in your build. If you have Azalia Audio on your motherboard, that generally means selecting ALC8xxHDA and the AppleHDA rollback options. Most graphics cards you use won't require drivers, and so you can often skip the Graphics subsection, but just turning on GraphicsEnabler, which you'll do in the next section. Enabling any of the drivers in the Disk subsection will help provide support for SATA and eSATA hard disks, but they won't be necessary for most users. The miscellaneous sections has a lot of goodies. If your board supports any of them (like USB 3.0, for example), you should check them off for installation. One kext that always seems to make things work better is NullCPUPowerManagement. We recommend installing this as it tends to make a significant difference in performance on some machines. Lastly you have the Bootloaders subsection, which you can skip as the UserDSDT Install process took care of installing the Chimera bootloader earlier. (Note: Some newer motherboards, such as the one in our sample build, don't require a DSDT file or many drivers at all. Most everything should work out of the box. If you have a motherboard like this, you most likely need to install the relevant audio driver and nothing else.)Customization - If you're following our guide you're using a pre-edited/patched DSDT file, so the only thing you're going to want to do in this subsection is check off 64-bit Apple Boot Screen (unless your hackintosh has 32-bit hardware) to enable your video card in full force. You probably won't need the other options unless you have a special situation or are troubleshooting an issue.Once you've made all of your choices, go ahead and run MultiBeast. When it's finished, this generally means you're done and can restart to your brand new hackintosh. In some cases you may need to find additional drivers that MultiBeast didn't provide. This may be a driver for a Wi-Fi adapter you purchased or some third-party PCI card. If the driver wasn't provided by the manufacturer or downloadable on their web site, use popular hackintosh forums (like InsanelyMac and tonymacx86) for help. Either way, once you're done with MultiBeast you can install those drivers as well to finish up the job. Congratulations on all your hard work. You now have a functional hackintosh!

The Always Up-to-Date Guide to Building a Hackintosh [OS X 10.8.4]S

Apple's pushed Mountain Lion updates pretty quickly, and the 10.8.2 upgrade actually brought new features as well as hackintosh-related problems. 10.8.4 did not, but still retains the same issues caused by 10.8.2. In this section we'll discuss how to resolve those common issues and troubleshoot them further, which means you might need to look back at some 10.8.2 information. As always, create a bootable backup first so you're ready to troubleshoot.

Installing the 10.8.4 update should be pretty straightforward. Just just download the combo version—rather than updating through the App Store—and run the installer. When the installation finishes, don't restart. Run Multibeast and re-install any overwritten kexts. For most, this will simply mean re-installing the AppleHDA rollback, but you may have others as well. It's always a good idea to keep track of the kexts you installed when creating your hackintosh so you know what may need to be re-installed after an update. Once you've re-installed your kexts, go ahead an reboot.

If everything went smoothly, you'll be back up on your desktop in no time. Unfortunately, many people (including myself) experienced a few issues when upgrading to 10.8.2. If you're upgrading from 10.8.2 to 10.8.4 you should not experience issues. If you've started from scratch or upgrading to 10.8.4 from 10.8.1 or earlier, however, you might run into this common problems:

Kernel panic during boot: If this happens, you're liking using FakeSMC Plug-ins. Everyone is using FakeSMC.kext, but FakeSMC Plug-ins are installed manually through Multibeast inside of FakeSMC.kext and one of the files is causing this kernel panic. To fix it, boot into safe mood (enter the -x boot flag when on the hackintosh boot screen) and navigate to /System/Library/Extensions/FakeSMC.kext/Contents/Plugins/ (just press Command+Shift+G in the Finder and paste in that address). You should see a file called OEMsmbios.kext. Delete it and restart your computer. Problem solved!Computer hangs on the gray apple screen during boot: If you get stuck watching the little dial spin during boot, you probably have a small conflict in your BIOS. For whatever reason, OS X 10.8.2 (and now 10.8.4) doesn't like VD-T to be enabled. Go into your BIOS and disable it. (It's likely in the Advanced Features settings, but you may have to look around a bit.) If that doesn't solve your problem, try disabling Virtualization Technology as well. Hopefully you won't have to do this as it will prevent you from using apps like Parallels, but it's better than being unable to boot into OS X at all.NVIDIA web drivers don't work with 10.8.4: This won't affect most people, but if you use NVIDIA web drivers—and not the ones included with OS X—they won't work with the 10.8.4 update. NVIDIA hasn't updated CUDA either, so you might want to hold of on 10.8.4 if you require the web drivers or CUDA. Additionally, if you use any customized/edited graphics kexts, you'll need to make those updates again in 10.8.4.TRIM Enabler gets disabled: If you have an SSD in your system and you applied TRIM Enabler, you need to do it again after updating to 10.8.4.Those are the issues we know of right now, but if you run into anything else there's a decent chance someone else has as well. Keep an eye on the 10.8.2 update thread on tonymacx86 for other problems and solutions that may pop up in the future. (Yes, we do mean the 10.8.2 thread even though that is not the latest version of OS X, but rather when these issues were introduced.)

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Things go wrong with hackintoshes all the time. It's unlikely you'll create one without running into, at least, a minor dilemma. A lot of troubleshooting involves trial and error, unfortunately, and you'll just have to tinker around until you get the problem fixed. You will be able to find help on the InsanelyMac and tonymacx86 forums if you get stuck. You can also use tonymacx86's rBoot rescue CD to help you boot when you're having trouble doing so. You'll also want to spend some time disabling potentially problematic options and kexts in your /Extra folder (which you can get to by pressing Command+Shift+G, choosing Go to Folder, typing /Extra, and see if removing anything can help. Sometimes you'll need to add things, too, to get the proper hardware support without any glitches so just be diligent and you'll get there.

Finally, once you do get things working you should clone your hard drive so you have a boot-able copy available should things go awry. This way you can restore back to that copy or at least compare the things that changed since it was all working nicely. No matter what you think, you're going to screw something up at some point. Keep a backup. You won't regret it.

For more troubleshooting tips, check out our hackintosh troubleshooting guide.

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Refinishing Rims On A Vehicle

13, 4:28 PM.jpgIf you have old rims on your vehicle and they have rust on them, you can extend the life of your rims easily. I did this without removing the tires from the rims. First you have to remove your tires and rims from your vehicle. Set them aside. It is not completely necessary to remove the tires from the rims, as I did not. But if you would like to you would need to deflate the tire by hand. But realize taking the tires off you will also need to get them back on, which is not easy by hand.

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Turn Lamp Into Speaker Tower

13, 5:37 PM.jpgI had this old 3 way lamp that I wasn't using and was about to throw it away, so I decided to make it useful.13, 5:37 PM.jpgI used a cheap pair of speakers that someone gave me that already have a auxiliary jack and sat inside a cardboard square. I stripped the speakers down to just the speakers and the cord. I then began stripping out the light sockets.

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M�rida's Bow for a firend

i make this Merida's bow props for a friend  Luce cosplay for french Epitanime convention

1- What did you make? (Tell the story of what you made and how it works. Why did you use the tools and materials you selected?)

i make this Bow  for a friend costume of Merida for an french Epitanime convention

2- How did you make it? (Tell us where you got the idea for the project. Did you work with anyone else? Did your plans and ideas change as you worked on the project?)

i make this for animation and photo shoot

3- Where did you make it? (Home, school, somewhere else? How did this connect to other activities in your life?)

i use real leather brown&  wood to make this to my workshop in my house

4- What did you learn? (Describe your biggest challenges and any surprises that arose during the build. What are you proudest of? If you had to do it again, what would you do differently?)

i learn nothing just i love conception and making

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Best All-In-One Pocket Tool?

Whether it's a pocket knife, a Leatherman, or a Cybertool, many of us carry a multitool in case we suddenly need a sharp edge, a screwdriver, a corkscrew, or another tool to make a quick repair. This week, we want to know which ones you think are the best, most portable, and packed with the most useful tools.

Multitools are a mainstay for those of us who work with tech on a regular basis, those of us who get our hands dirty with DIY projects, or when you need to make a quick repair around the house. The trouble is that multitools come in all shapes and sizes, and at all price points. Some of them are plastic and worthless, featuring dull knives and useless screwdrivers, but others are so jam-packed with tools and widgets that it's hard to carry them around at all. Which ones do you think are the most useful, offer the most bang for the buck, and fit nicely in your pocket or carry-all bag? Leave your vote in the discussions below.

Hive Five nominations take place in the discussions, where you post your favorite tool for the job. We get hundreds of nominations, so to make your nomination clear, please include it at the top of your post like so: VOTE: BEST MULTITOOL. Please don't include your vote in a reply to another person. Nominations emailed to us will not be counted. Instead, make your vote and reply separate discussions. After you've made your nomination, let us know what makes it stand out from the competition.

About the Hive Five: The Hive Five feature series asks readers to answer the most frequently asked question we get: "Which tool is the best?" Once a week we'll put out a call for contenders looking for the best solution to a certain problem, then YOU tell us your favorite tools to get the job done. Every weekend, we'll report back with the top five recommendations and give you a chance to vote on which is best. For an example, check out last week's five best exercise headphones.

The Hive Five is based on reader nominations. As with most Hive Five posts, if your favorite was left out, it's not because we hate it—it's because it didn't get the nominations required in the call for contenders post to make the top five. We understand it's a bit of a popularity contest, but if you have a favorite, we want to hear about it. Have a suggestion for the Hive Five? Send us an email at!

Photo by Karl Baron.

Bending, Shaping and Strengthening Foam Armor (Cheap and Easy method)

*** If you enjoyed this instructable, please consider voting for me in the contests it is entered in! Thanks for reading! ***

Putting complex bends and curves in EVA Foam armor can be tricky, since the foam is very elastic and flexible. Parts don't always like to hold their shapes, and the prevalent method (from my experience reading costume forums like therpf) for shaping foam armor parts is to use a heat gun. I didn't have a heat gun, so I decided to apply something I discovered when I was making my Iron Man Mark 3: paperclips are surprisingly good at holding form and shape.

My method basically involves cutting lines into the inside of an armor piece, lining the cut with a paperclip and then sealing it back up with hot glue. The best part about this method is that you don't have to go out and buy a heat gun if you don't have one. Additionally, it is really easy to re-shape if you so desire, and the paperclips actually do strengthen and stiffen the parts.

The materials you will need:
1) Foam armor part (pepakura is the most popular method for making foam armor)
2) Paper clips (Use large ones because they are thicker and sturdier)
3) Hot Glue gun
4) Pliers (Needlenose, and optionally diagonal cutters as well)
5) X-acto knife

In this instructable, I will show a fairly simple method to form, shape and strengthen foam armor, using an Iron Man helmet made from EVA foam floor mats.

CAUTION: Be careful when placing cut paperclip bits as these are sharp and can easily penetrate skin. I have placed this warning again at the end of the Instructable, so please follow safety precautions and exercise good judgement while building!

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